DNA technologies have revolutionised modern science in many ways. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), the hereditary material in all living organisms from bacteria to animals and humans, controls and directs all the functions of a living organism. Many techniques have been developed to understand and manipulate DNA for purposes like parentage analysis, detecting genetic diseases, genetic disorders or traits of economic importance to improve livestock production, and forensics.
Various different DNA based technologies are available for application in the production enterprises. With many more under development, it is important to be informed about the current applications available.