The Human diagnostic department of Unistel Medical Laboratories provides extensive expertise in the testing, diagnosis and genetic counselling of inherited disorders and cytogenetic analysis. Genetic tests are performed on chromosomes cultures for cytogenetic analysis, DNA for molecular genetic analysis, DNA profiling and forensic DNA analysis.

Genetic tests are available for:

  • Prenatal diagnosis and rapid trisomy screening by quantitative –PCR on chorionic villi, amniocytes and foetal blood
  • Full chromosome analysis of amniotic, chorionic villus cell cultures and foetal blood.
  • New-born chromosome analysis
  • Chromosome analysis on bone marrow and peripheral blood for hematologic conditions.
  • FISH analysis on cultured or uncultured samples, fixed tissue as well as tumour shavings for testing of copy number changes and the presence or absence of translocations, deletions, duplications and gene fusions
  • Molecular DNA screening and testing for inherited disorders and hematologic conditions.
  • Confirmation of symptomatic individuals and pre-symptomatic testing
  • Genetic variation that influences risk of disease
  • DNA profiling for identity studies, paternity, maternity parentage and kindship analysis, zygosity and forensic DNA tests.
  • DNA profiling for bone marrow assessment
  • Fertility studies
  • Studies on products of conception

Genetic testing may sometimes be complex with varying degrees of success in their ability to detect mutations, deletions, duplications, copy number variants and other abnormalities associated with genetic conditions or disorders.

Tests may be diagnostic or indicative for a condition or may indicate an association with an altered risk for conditions. The constant development of new technologies and increased knowledge of genetic and epigenetic factors necessitate broader interlaboratory collaboration and constant upgrading of technology.

Cytogenetics

Prenatal Cytogenetics (Before Birth), Postnatal Cytogenetics (After Birth), Neoplastic Cytogenetics (Cancer)

Molecular Cytogenetics

Molecular cytogenetics involves the combination of molecular biology and cytogenetics. In general this involves the use of a series of techniques referred to as fluorescence in situ hybridization, or FISH, in which DNA probes are labeled with different coloured fluorescent tags to visualize one or more specific regions of the genome.

Molecular Genetics

Molecular genetics is the field of biology and genetics that studies the structure and function of genes at a molecular level. The study of chromosomes and gene expression of an organism can give insight into heredity, genetic variation, and mutations.

Paternity and Parentage Testing

DNA paternity testing is the use of DNA profiling (known as genetic fingerprinting) to determine whether two individuals are biologically parent and child. A paternity test establishes genetic proof whether a man is the biological father of an individual, and a maternity test establishes whether a woman is the biological mother of an individual

Forensic Genetics

Unistel Medical Laboratories provides forensic DNA services for human blood and semen identification, as well as DNA typing of all manner of human specimens. Since each case is unique, all cases must be discussed with a scientist at UML before submitting samples.

Genetic Testing of Rare Diseases

Predictive and diagnostic testing for rare genetic disorders are available in collaboration with reference DNA testing facilities in the United Kingdom and Europe.

Male Infertility

Male infertility refers to a male’s inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female. In humans it accounts for 40-50% of infertility. It affects approximately 7% of all men. Male infertility is commonly due to deficiencies in the semen, and semen quality is used as a surrogate measure of male fecundity..